Before tackling this course, you should be comfortable with all the material from Ionian Mode

Our second modal scale is called the Dorian mode and is based from the second degree of the major scale. This mode is built from a minor chord so is a little darker sounding and more minor than the Ionian.

Summary: Dorian Mode

The Dorian mode is based on the second degree of the major scale and is a minor sounding mode. This is because it is built from the second degree of the scale, which harmonises to a minor chord. The D dorian is as follows:

Formula: Dorian Formula

Another way to work out the Dorian mode, and what we consider to be the best way to do it, is to learn the formula. The formula for this scale is:

Dorian Mode: 1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7 8

In Practice: Dorian Scale

To help you put this into practice, here is a common shape for the D Dorian scale. Notice that these are the exact same notes as in C major, just starting and ending on D.

Ready to move on? Remember to check out every lesson in this unit first – then try the next unit...

Phrygian Mode

Our third mode is the Phrygian mode, which is built from the 3rd degree of the major scale. This is another minor mode as it is built based on the 3rd degree, which harmonises to minor. Just as with all the modes, it's important to get an idea of the sound of them, and this one os pretty dark!